Since 2018, CBD products have exploded in popularity, and it is now considered to be fairly mainstream. There is a wide assortment of CBD products on the market, and companies link all kinds of benefits to CBD. There are products that claim to cure insomnia, anxiety, pain, and so much more. Some brands have gone too far when describing the benefits of CBD. For example, Curaleaf Inc., a company based in Massachusetts, was warned by the FDA for making unsubstantiated claims about the products that they sell. In 2019, there were more than 20 companies that received FDA warnings for making claims about the effectiveness of CBD products. This is unusual to see, particularly for supplements.
It’s clear that the FDA is paying close attention to CBD products, but the same can’t be said for other regulators. Although companies have received warning letters, there have currently been very few consequences for companies that make over-the-top claims about the products that they sell.
Beyond that, because the market for CBD products has expanded so rapidly, there have been issues with adulteration and mislabeling. One report, which was conducted by Penn Medicine in 2017, discovered that approximately 70% of CBD products being sold online had issues with mislabeling. Some products are over-labeled, which means they contain a lower concentration of CBD than stated on the label. Others are under-labeled, which means the CBD concentration is higher than what’s on the label. The report discovered that just 30% of the tested products had CBD content within 10% of the amount that was listed on the label.
The Safety of Patients Should Be Your Top Priority
Before a pharmacy opts to stock CBD products, it’s important to research these products. The safety of patients should be paramount.
Managers need to choose the products they sell with care. There are many factors that should be considered, including recent research, independent testing, and the bioavailability of the products.
What You Should Know About Benefits, Side Effects, and Dosing
Reports from Harvard Health have found that CBD products could help users to fall asleep and sleep restfully. In a report conducted by the European Journal of Pain, it was found that applying CBD to the skin could reduce inflammation and pain linked to arthritis. There are also studies that have found that CBD can reduce neuropathic and inflammatory pain. The data that is currently available suggests that CBD can be used to manage a number of health symptoms. However, there is no evidence that suggests that CBD can cure diseases.
It’s common for people that have used CBD products to feel as though they’ve been sedated. These effects may be stronger if a patient is taking benzodiazepines. Additional negative side effects that have been linked to CBD include fatigue, nausea, and feelings of irritation. When the FDA evaluated Epidiolex, they found some safety risks, like the possibility of liver injury. Pharmacists should look at products closely so that they can inform patients about any potential for harmful side effects.
There are currently not any dosage guidelines for CBD. There is some dosage data in the clinical trials for Epidiolex, but it’s difficult to say if this data applies to OTC use for other products. Since CBD is typically sold as a supplement rather than a medication, it can be hard to determine how safe and pure these products are. FDA regulation for dietary supplements is different from the regulation process for medications.
The FDA has stated that there is the potential for adverse drug interactions when using CBD. This makes it especially crucial for pharmacists to provide advice and guidance to patients. CBD could make a medication more effective or cause potentially harmful side effects. Safe dosage for CBD may vary based on the medications that a patient is taking.
It’s important to remember that we still have limited information about cannabidiol and the effects that it has on the body. In spite of that, CBD products are still incredibly popular with patients. This can be challenging for pharmacists, which is why you may want to seek out training on this topic. If you look at the most current research on CBD, it will be easier for you to provide accurate advice and guidance to patients. This will make it easier for patients to use CBD safely.